[Beginner] Week 10


Lesson Summary 5-8


Please see below for the summary of yesterday's lesson:

1. We did an activity to guess the price of a product to compare prices of different things in the US and in Korea and practiced reading prices in Korean.

2. 하다 verbs

- Many of 하다 verbs are a combination of a noun + the verb 하다 "to do" (ex. 일하다 = 일+하다, 공부하다 = 공부+하다)

- There are some "fixed" 하다 verbs in which there is no noun (ex. 취하다, 피하다, 체하다)

- 하다-> 해요 present tense polite form, 하다 -> 합니다 present tense formal form

- For negative sentences, add 안 "don't" and 못 "can't" in between the noun and 해요 (ex. 일 안 해요, 공부 못 해요); however, with the "fixed" 하다 verbs, you add the negation words in front of the verb (ex. 안 취해요, 못 피해요)

3. Place marker -에서

- Comes with action verbs to designate where an action takes place

- Is NOT used with verbs like 가다/오다 (가요/와요 in present tense), 있다/없다 (있어요/없어요 in present tense)

- Different from -에 because -에 is used for spatial location, where as -에서 is for a place of action (ex. 학교에 있어요 vs 학교에서 공부해요)

4. Frequency - Length of time + 에 + frequency (# in Native Korean number) + 번 (ex. 일주일에 한 번, 이 년에 두 번) - 한두 번, 두세 번, 세네 번... for uncertain number of times - 몇 번? is the question word for "how many times?" (ex. 하루에 몇 번 샤워해요? 일년에 몇 번 여행해요?) - 얼마나 자주? is the question word "how often?" (ex. 얼마나 자주 샤워해요? 얼마나 자주 여행해요?) - Frequency adverbs: 항상, 늘, 언제나 - 보통 - 자주 - 가끔 - 거의 (negative) - 절대, 전혀, 결코 (negative) 5. -하고 "with" - Question word 누구하고? "with whom? / who do you ... with?" - ex. 누구하고 대화해요? 친구하고 대화해요. Please do not hesitate to ask me if you have any questions. 감사합니다. Jane Kim

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